Diversity and paleoenvironmental implications of an elasmobranch assemblage from the Oligocene–Miocene boundary of Ecuador.

 

Título: Diversity and paleoenvironmental implications of an elasmobranch assemblage from the Oligocene–Miocene boundary of Ecuador.
Identificador de recurso: https://peerj.com/articles/9051/
Fecha: 2020-04-29
Autor: Carrillo-Briceño, Jorge D.; Villafaña, Jaime A.; Gracia, Carlos De; Flores-Alcívar, F. Fernando; Kindlimann, René; Abella, Juan.
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Editorial: PeerJ
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Descripción The occurrence and diversity of elasmobranchs from the Oligocene–Miocene boundary from Tropical America is poorly known in comparison with the paleodiversity from younger Neogene intervals of the region. Here we describe a new elasmobranch assemblage from the rich fossil site of Montañita-Olón (Dos Bocas Formation, Santa Elena, Ecuador), where other vertebrates have already been described: for example, sea turtles and cetaceans. We report a total of 27 elasmobranch taxa, 19 of which are new fossil records for Ecuador, 10 new records for the Central Eastern Pacific and four new records for South America. Additionally, in order to reconstruct the environment where these marine remains were deposited, we performed abundance, paleobathymetric and habitat preference analyses, concluding that they were likely deposited in an outer neritic (open shelf) environment. The study of Oligocene and early Miocene marine elasmobranchs faunas in Tropical America is key to addressing the issues in the evolutionary history of this group.
Claves Eastern Central Pacific; Neogene; Sharks; Rays; Paleoenvironments; Tropical America; Fossils.
Relación ISSN-L: 2376-5992
Cobertura EC

 

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Fuente DOI 10.7717/peerj.9051
Nombre de archivo 2020-04-29-carrillojorge