Population structure in Neotropical plants: integrating pollination biology, topography and climatic niches
|Título:||Population structure in Neotropical plants: integrating pollination biology, topography and climatic niches.|
|Identificador de recurso:||https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com|
|Autor:||Dellinger, Agnes S.; Paun, Ovidiu; Baar, Juliane; Temsch, Eva M.; Fernández-Fernández, Diana; Schönenberger, Jürg.
Animal pollinators mediate gene flow among plant populations, but in contrast to well-studied topographic and (Pleistocene) environmental isolating barriers, their impact on population genetic differentiation remains largely unexplored. Comparing how these multifarious factors drive microevolutionary histories is, however, crucial for better resolving macroevolutionary patterns of plant diversification. Here we combined genomic analyses with landscape genetics and niche modelling across six related Neotropical plant species (424 individuals across 33 localities) differing in pollination strategy to test the hypothesis that highly mobile (vertebrate) pollinators more effectively link isolated localities than less mobile (bee) pollinators. We found consistently higher genetic differentiation (FST) among localities of bee- than vertebrate-pollinated species with increasing geographical distance, topographic barriers and historical climatic instability. High admixture among montane populations further suggested relative climatic stability of Neotropical montane forests during the Pleistocene. Overall, our results indicate that pollinators may differentially impact the potential for allopatric speciation, thereby critically influencing diversification histories at macroevolutionary scales.
|Claves||Andes, genetic diversity, melastomataceae, mountain biodiversity, pleistocene climatic fluctuations, pollinator shifts, population differentiation, tropical rain forests.
|Tipo de recurso||texto|